PCOS is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, also known as Stein-Leventhal Syndrome, and is one of the most common hormonal endocrine disorders in women. PCOS has been recognized and diagnosed for seventy-five years. There are many signs and symptoms that a woman may experience. Since PCOS cannot be diagnosed with one test alone and symptoms vary from woman to woman, PCOS has been known as the “Silent Killer”. Early diagnosis of PCOS is important as it has been linked to an increased risk for developing several medical risks including insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and heart disease.
Many women may experience weight gain or obesity, yet there are others who may be very lean. Multiple cysts on ovaries in a “string of pearls” pattern is also an indicator for PCOS. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most commonly diagnosed — and most commonly misunderstood — hormone disorders among biological females. There is no single test to diagnose PCOS. Only a doctor can test for PCOS.
Polycystic ovary syndrome happens when a woman’s ovaries or adrenal glands produce more male hormones than normal. One result is that cysts (fluid-filled sacs) develop on the ovaries. Women who are obese are more likely to have PCOS. Women with PCOS are at increased risk of developing diabetes and heart disease.
Symptoms may include
Infertility. Pelvic pain.
Excess hair growth on the face, chest, stomach, thumbs, or toes.
Baldness or thinning hair.
Acne, oily skin, or dandruff.
Patches of thickened dark brown or black skin.
Frequently Asked Questions
What are the risk factors? What can I do to reduce my risk?
What are the symptoms? What should I know about screening?
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